David TENIERS THE YOUNGER
(Antwerp, 1610 – 1690, Brussels)
Temptation of Saint Anthony
Oil on panel, 44.5 x 56 cm
Signed lower right beneath the water-jug: "D. Teniers"
David Teniers the Younger was a prolific artist produced a wonderful range of works, from interiors, landscapes and portraits to kermesses, all of high quality, humour and interest. He was a Master of the Antwerp Guild in 1633 and eleven years later its Doyen. His many Royal Patrons included Archduke Leopold Willem, Governor of the Netherlands, who made him his Court Painter, Chamberlain, and Picture Conservator; Philip IV of Spain, who bought so many paintings by Teniers that a special gallery had to be constructed; William II of Orange; Christina of Sweden; and Don Juan of Austria, the son of Philip IV, who in 1656 succeeded Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria. The Archduke became an enthusiastic patron, and in 1651 appointed Teniers to be the court painter and director of his paintings collection. In 1663 Teniers played an active role in the foundation of the Antwerp Academy and was its first Director, building his reputation and his fortune on the endless procession of patrons demanding his paintings.
The Temptation of Saint Anthony was a popular subject at the time, and was used to demonstrate the importance of ignoring the demons of temptation. Saint Anthony, the ascetic figure whose resolve saved him from seduction by temptation or deceit, was considered a model for Christians to emulate. The intended moral message is made clear by the title of an engraving by Francois de Wyngaerde after a drawing of this subject by Teniers: “Blessed is the man who endures temptation, for he will be tried and receive the crown of life that God has promised to those that love him”.
Private collection, Germany;
Private collection of K. R. Alfred Weiss;
Private Collection, Vienna;
Important private collection, Zürich, Switzerland
Smith, Catalogue raisonné. Vol. IX Suppl., p. 409, no. 13
Exhibition’s catalogue “Art Rules”, Tallinn, 2015
Kunstberatung Zurich. Old masters and Modern art catalogue: private treasures, Zurich, 2019
Exhibition “Art Rules” organized by Art-Life Project in Tallinn Town Hall, 5 June 2015 – 5 October 2015, Estonia
BRAFA – the Brussels Art Fair – 2017